Freshwater

Otocinclus Catfish: The Algae Eater

Species name: Otocinclus affinis Common names: Oto cat, Golden otocinclus, Dwarf Sucker Mouth, Otocinclus catfish Family: Loricariidae Subfamily: Hypoptopomatinae Order: Siluriformes Class: Actinopterygii Maximum length: 1.5″ (4 cm) Minimum tank size:...

Nano Planted Aquariums: Plants, Fish & Lighting for Nano Tanks

A low-tech, low maintenance approach to nano planted tanks. From time to time, folks ask questions about setting up so-called nano tanks, which for simplicity's...

How to Perform Routine Aquarium Maintenance

Though never a pleasant chore, aquariums need regular maintenance. Water changes keep the fish happy, and prevent problems from arising in a fish tank. The...

25 Facts About Betta Splendens You Should Know

Bright iridescent colors and flaring fins make the Siamese fighting fish an instant favorite with most hobbyists.  Male bettas just flat out look great....

Why Does My Newly Purchased Aquarium Fish Die, but the Old Ones Live?

People often blame the retailer when newly purchased fish die, yet the old fish live. The problem, though, is usually with the aquarium, not...

The Red and Beatiful Rotala Macrandra

When researching the available literature dealing with aquarium plants, often the plants are categorised by growth patterns. Some of those include 'roseate' (which defines...

Java Fern Care, Reproduction and Fact sheet

Java Fern, or as its known to scientists, Microsorium pteropus, is in my eyes, the perfect aquarium plant and still my favorite. And this is coming...

Why are My Aquarium Plants Dying?

Just like fish, aquarium plants need proper care to survive. Lighting, feeding, substrates, type of plant, and tank mates all play a role in...

Understanding the Aquarium Nitrogen Cycle

Setting up your first aquarium is a hugely enjoyable and exciting experience, and naturally you will be tempted to fill it with all manner...

Aquarium Air Stones: Should you use one?

Most people use air stones sometime during their fish keeping experiences. Some of us may graduate to the more efficient external canister type filtration...