Freshwater

How to Care for Your New Hoplo Catfish

Origin: Amazon River and tributaries Maximum Size: Possible 8 inches. Six more likely. Housing: 10 gallons to start, then move to larger quarters Substrate: Immaterial Peculiarity: Air breathers Sexual Differences:...

Aquarium Plants Deficiencies Chart

Analyzing plant growth is a good and easy way to determine if a get enough nutrient. When it comes to analyzing nutrient deficiencies, the...

How Many Fish per Gallon: The Wrong Way to Measure Tank Capacity

A very common question on forums is how many fish can we stock in a freshwater tank. We know that overstocking our tank will...

Convict Cichlid: Caring For, Feeding and Tanking the Zebra Cichlid

Species name: Amatitlania nigrofasciata, or Archocentrus Nigrofasciatus Common names: Convict Cichlid, zebra cichlids Family: Cichlidae Subfamily: Cichlasomatinae Order: Perciformes Class: Actinopterygii How Big Do They Get? 3.9 inch (10 cm) Minimum tank size: 20 gallons Aggressiveness: Aggressive Distribution: Central America: Pacific slope, from...

Oscar Fish (Astronotus Ocellatus) Care, Feeding and Tank Requirements

Species name: Astronotus ocellatus Common names: oscar, tiger oscar, velvet cichlid, or marble cichlid Family: Cichlidae Order: Perciformes Class: Actinopterygii Maximum length: 11.8 – 15.7 in ( 30.0 – 40.0 cm) Minimum tank size: Provide at least...

Buffalo Head Cichlid (Steatocranus casuarius)

The "bumphead," "buffalohead," or "blockhead," this little riverine fish from the Congo River basin has been around for quite awhile now, and I've been...

Blue Acara Cichlid (Aequidens Pulcher)

Blue Acara Cichlids are available in most pet stores but are sometimes mistaken for Green Terrors due to a strong resemblance. The scientific name for...

Glass Catfish, the Kryptopterus bicirrhis

Beautiful and strange, Glass Catfish are some of the more provocative catfish in the hobby. However, they are sensitive and have special needs. Glass Catfish,...

Zebra Pleco (Hypancistrus zebra)

Zebra plecos are gorgeous, relatively hardy fish. However, they have specific needs that should be considered before paying the hefty price they command. The zebra...

Aquarium Snail Eggs: How do Freshwater Snails Reproduce?

Freshwater snails are widely distributed across the world. There are over 600 species of freshwater snails in ponds, lakes and rivers in the United...