Freshwater

Redtail Catfish of South America

This beautiful South American catfish is appealing to the home aquarist but is not really practical. The Redtail Catfish habitat is in the Amazon and...

Siamese Algae Eater (Crossocheilus Siamensis): Fish Profile, Care & Diet

Species name: Crossocheilus siamensis Common names: Siamese Algae Eater, SAE Family: Cyprinidae Order: Cyprinidae Class: Cyprinids Maximum length: 6.3″ (16cm) when full grown Minimum tank size: 30 gallons Hardiness: Easy, but...

Jack Dempsey Cichlid (Rocio octofasciata)

Species name: Rocio octofasciata Common names: Jack Dempsey Family: Cichlidae Order: Perciformes Suborder: Percoidei Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) Maximum length: 9.8″ in. (25.0 cm) Minimum tank size: 50 gallons Hardiness: Easy Aggressiveness: Aggressive Distribution:...

Otocinclus Catfish: The Algae Eater

Species name: Otocinclus affinis Common names: Oto cat, Golden otocinclus, Dwarf Sucker Mouth, Otocinclus catfish Family: Loricariidae Subfamily: Hypoptopomatinae Order: Siluriformes Class: Actinopterygii Maximum length: 1.5″ (4 cm) Minimum tank size:...

Barb Fish: The Different Types of Freshwater Barbs

Sometimes I think it's a shame barbs are not: A) Difficult to keep and breed B) Very expensive to purchase If those two things were true, then...

Nano Planted Aquariums: Plants, Fish & Lighting for Nano Tanks

A low-tech, low maintenance approach to nano planted tanks. From time to time, folks ask questions about setting up so-called nano tanks, which for simplicity's...

How to Perform Routine Aquarium Maintenance

Though never a pleasant chore, aquariums need regular maintenance. Water changes keep the fish happy, and prevent problems from arising in a fish tank. The...

25 Facts About Betta Splendens You Should Know

Bright iridescent colors and flaring fins make the Siamese fighting fish an instant favorite with most hobbyists.  Male bettas just flat out look great....

Why Does My Newly Purchased Aquarium Fish Die, but the Old Ones Live?

People often blame the retailer when newly purchased fish die, yet the old fish live. The problem, though, is usually with the aquarium, not...

The Red and Beatiful Rotala Macrandra

When researching the available literature dealing with aquarium plants, often the plants are categorised by growth patterns. Some of those include 'roseate' (which defines...